How to Choose the Right Excavator?

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How to Choose the Right Excavator?

Dec. 24, 22

Different projects require different construction needs, which is why it is important to consider the type of excavator you choose. Excavators come in a variety of sizes and special features to do different jobs, and knowing the details of your project will help you choose the right equipment.


1. Engine power. 

You need an engine powerful enough to get around your job site and perform the job. When delving into specifications, include bore and piston stroke so you can compare the strength of different engines.

2. Calculating strength and digging depth

Different types of excavators are manufactured to suit different digging depths. Determining the depth of the construction project will help you to choos

e the right type of excavator. In addition to the depth, calculate the force required to excavate and transport the material. Attachments may be required to penetrate solid material.


3. Determine the space available

Large excavators are less manoeuvrable and unstable in small, uneven spaces, which can damage your construction project, which is why it is important to consider the available space. Excavators also need parking spaces when not in use to avoid blockages or accidents.

 1 Ton Crawler Excavator

1 Ton Crawler Excavator

4. Calculate estimated times

Plan ahead and calculate the dates and times when the excavator can be used. Hiring an excavator can be expensive, and hiring it at the right time can save you money. You need to consider possible delays and act accordingly.


5. Determine the bucket type

There are various bucket types suitable for different projects. Each bucket has a different purpose. Knowing the load capacity and the type of material to be excavated should help you choose the bucket you need.


6. Weight. 

Focus on maximum operating weight, which will cover equipment, operator and load options. You don't want an excavator that is too heavy and will damage your site. 

8.5 Ton Wheel Excavator

 8.5 Ton Wheel Excavator

Size and type of excavator

As you consider your job criteria and the common work locations you work in, start to narrow down your search. Start by looking at the size and type of excavator. Remember that categories are generic and specifications may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, so be sure of size (e.g. 5 tonnes) rather than 'mini'. Consider the following top excavator types.


  • Mini or compact excavators. These mini excavators are usually the most mobile. They can range in weight from as little as 2,100 lbs to less than 10 tonnes. Minis are preferred for smaller jobs and jobs with limited space requirements, such as those that require the ability to move around buildings or work in areas with many lines running through the ground. These require the least power, but they also cause the least damage to yards, roads and pavements.


  • Standard excavators. Excavators over 10 tonnes and up to 45 tonnes are the standard models. These are the most versatile excavators and can work in almost any space and on most types of jobs. They have a lot of power, so it will be heavy and will do a little damage to the land it has to cross. You need plenty of space, but they are robust and easy to transport. They are common in building spaces.


  • Large excavators. With excavators up to 95 tonnes, these behemoths are in the big category. These machines are pure industrial workhorses. You won't see them in an urban environment or one with a lot of slopes around the site, but they will constantly be powering large buildings. These machines require a significant investment in equipment and trailers to move them to each job site. If you need this size and power, you will know it.


There are many different configurations for each market segment. Modern designs now allow standard and mini excavators to be more versatile and suitable for a wide range of work situations. These include options for chassis systems that retract and allow the excavator to move through tight areas (such as fence gates) and then deploy when a solid base is needed to perform the job.

Vicgordan offers reliable, affordable excavators and equipment and excellent service. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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